How to Prevent Cavities

What You Need to Know About Cavities and How to Prevent Them

Cavities. It’s the word people are most loath to hear from their dentist. While it’s clear to most patients that this diagnosis is undesirable, many don’t fully understand the nature of cavities.


What Cavities Are

Cavities are small holes created in a tooth that’s been subjected to decay. Healthy teeth are covered with a protective outer layer called enamel. When acid-producing bacteria take hold of a tooth, they gradually wear away at the enamel and leave behind small pits commonly known as cavities.

How Cavities Form

Plaque is a naturally occurring bacteria-ridden film that covers the inside of your mouth. If you don’t brush and floss your teeth, the bacteria will interact with sugars that you consume. As a result of this interaction, an acid is produced that rots away at your teeth. As the cavity grows, decay may penetrate the inner layers of your tooth. If it impacts the tooth root, the consequence is an abscessed tooth. Once decay has reached this inner level, only extraction or a root canal can effectively treat the infection.


How Cavities Are Treated

The earlier a cavity is identified, the easier it is to treat. Cavities at their earliest stage can be maintained with fluoride treatments and a renewed commitment to regular brushing and flossing. But once the enamel has been worn away, the usual course is to have the decay removed and a filling placed over the resulting hole. Fillings can be made of various materials, such as porcelain, composite resin and silver amalgams. Additionally, if the decay was extensive and harmed the integrity of the tooth, a crown may be required to protect against the possibility of future fracturing. 


How to Prevent Cavities 

Far better than filling cavities is to prevent them altogether. Every day you should:


  • Brush your teeth with fluoride-enhanced toothpaste twice, for at least two minutes each time. 
  • Floss at least once. Flossing is the only way to remove plaque that clings to the gaps between teeth.


In addition to following this dental hygiene routine, it’s important that patients visit their dental clinic every six months. While removing any plaque you missed during the cleaning process is an important component, what’s more critical is that a certified dentist inspects your teeth. Cavities in their earliest stages cause no pain or discomfort and patients have no way of knowing if their teeth are plagued by decay. Only a dentist can recognize and effectively treat immature cavities. 


Dentist Accepting New Patients

In Grande Prairie, Gateway Dentistry Group is a dental clinic comprised of a team of five dentists. We offer a full range of dental services including pediatric dentistry, sedation dentistry, and emergency dentistry. We’re happy to currently be accepting new patients. Simply contact us to schedule an appointment or to ask any questions you may have about our practice.